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A Guide to Shipping Cars from China by RoRo Ship

As a type of ship specially designed for transporting wheeled goods such as automobiles, ro-ro ships have the characteristics of fast loading speed, high loading and unloading efficiency, and low cargo loss.

In recent years, with the rapid development of China’s automobile industry, ro-ro shipping has played an increasingly important role in China’s automobile logistics. This guide aims to provide automobile manufacturers, logistics companies and shipping companies with comprehensive guidance on the transport of cars from China by ro-ro ships, helping all parties to better utilize the advantages of ro-ro ship transportation, improve logistics efficiency and reduce costs.

Shipping Cars from China by RoRo Ship

What is a RoRo ship?

  • Characteristics of Ro-Ro ships
    Ro-Ro ships are tall and have multiple decks to facilitate the placement of cargo units, and the upper deck is flat. There are ramps or lifting platforms connecting each deck for vehicle passage.
  • Ro-Ro car carrier
    Ro-ro car carriers refer to ships that are specially used to transport complete automobiles using roll-on and roll-off loading and unloading operations. There are two types: one is specifically for passenger car transportation (PCC); the other is for passenger car and truck transportation (PCTC).
  • How does the goods “roll” up?
    Usually, a large springboard is erected at the stern of the ro-ro ship (it is also set up at the bow or side). When the ro-ro ship berths at the dock, the springboard is lowered, and the freight vehicle loaded with containers is driven up and down to carry out container loading and unloading operations. Cargo vehicles on ro-ro ships can not only enter and exit from the stern of the ship, but can also drive to various decks of the ship’s cabin for container loading and unloading. If you are transporting a car, drive the car directly onto the ship.

Ro-Ro ships are also widely used in China’s maritime routes, and are widely used in Shanghai, Dalian, Haikou, Guangzhou ,Shenzhen and other ports.

What types of ro-ro ships are there?

Multi-deck ro-ro ship
The interdeck compartments on each floor above the main deck of the ro-ro ship are all vertical structures without transverse bulkheads, and are flat deck type without beam arch, so as to facilitate the loading and unloading of various cargoes by ro-ro mode. For ro-ro ships with a ship width greater than 25m, pillars are allowed to be installed along the longitudinal centerline. Traffic between decks can be connected through elevators or ramps through narrow deck openings. The bottom tank below the main deck is equipped with double sides to form side tanks, which can be used to load various ballast and fuel oil. In order to maintain the continuity of the load-bearing surface, the engine room and superstructure are usually located at the rear.

Ro-Ro ship with inclined tail ramp
This is a ship with a stern ramp. When container trailers enter and exit, the tail springboard can prevent the angle between the springboard and the terminal plane from being too large, and at the same time, it does not expand the terminal’s operating area.

Ro-ro-hoist ship
This is a special type of ship that uses a springboard for rolling loading and unloading in the cabin, and a shore container crane on the deck for vertical loading and unloading. Since both methods are carried out simultaneously, the loading and unloading of containers can be accelerated.

A Guide to Shipping Cars from China by RoRo Ship

What are the advantages of roll-on/roll-off transportation?

Can load and unload different goods in harbors or river banks
Especially it can load and unload containers and other goods at ordinary docks without loading and unloading bridges and heavy-duty gantry cranes and other lifting equipment. Moreover, a new ro-ro terminal generally only accounts for 25% of the cost of building a full container terminal, which can effectively save costs.

High loading and unloading efficiency at the terminal
The ro-ro ship occupies a short length of dock shore, has low dock loading and unloading costs, and the loading and unloading speed can be up to 10 times that of ordinary dry cargo ships.

Special equipment can be loaded
Ro-Ro ships can carry extra large and extra heavy items, such as heavy construction machinery, complete sets of drilling equipment, excavators, giant concrete forecast pieces, chemical equipment, turbine generator sets, large precision equipment, giant transformers, heavy self-propelled cranes, etc.

Wide range of shipping
Usually “semi-bulk” non-containerized goods, some cannot be containerized, and some do not need to be containerized. For example, forest products, large quantities of wool, cotton, jute, steel, metal ingots and other low-value products or semi-finished products. Ro-ro transportation is more suitable.

Facilitates “door-to-door” transportation
Due to the characteristics of ro-ro transportation, the transportation of various vehicles between ships and ports does not need to be reversed, which reduces the transfer loading and unloading links and does not occupy the stacking space on the dock, rationalizing the entire transportation process and facilitating “door-to-door” transportation. Used for sea transportation, land transportation and air combined transportation.

Compared with other modes of transportation, ro-ro ship transportation has many advantages, such as no need to use terminal lifting equipment, fast cargo loading and unloading, and low risk of cargo damage during transportation. In addition, ro-ro ship transportation also has high flexibility and can adapt to different scales and types of automobile transportation needs.

How to ship a car by RoRo ship from China

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How to ship a car by RoRo ship from China

Preparation work before ro-ro ship transportation

Choose the right ro-ro ship: Choose the appropriate ro-ro ship model based on the number, size and weight of cars to be transported. At the same time, factors such as the ship’s navigation route and port facilities should be considered to ensure smooth transportation.

Develop a detailed transportation plan: including loading time, sailing route, arrival time, unloading arrangements, etc. Fully consider possible unexpected situations and formulate corresponding emergency plans.

Car preparation and inspection: Carry out a comprehensive inspection of the car to be transported to ensure that it is in good performance and meets the transportation requirements. Carry out necessary cleaning and maintenance on the vehicle to ensure that it is not easily damaged during transportation.

Precautions during Ro-Ro shipping of cars from China

Safe loading: When loading cars, the ship’s safe operating procedures should be followed to ensure that the vehicles drive into the cabin stably and orderly. At the same time, pay attention to the placement of vehicles to avoid collision or damage to each other.

Navigation safety: During navigation, you should pay close attention to weather changes, sea conditions and other factors to ensure the safe navigation of the ship. When encountering severe weather or emergencies, timely response measures should be taken to ensure the safety of personnel and goods.

Ship maintenance: Regularly maintain and inspect ships to ensure they are in good operating condition. Deal with discovered problems in a timely manner to prevent ship failures from affecting the transportation progress.

If you are interested in shipping a car from China to USA, France, Germany, UAE or other countries, you can read the following article:

Ship a Car from China

How much does it cost to ship a car from China

The cost of shipping a car from China to different countries varies depending on the shipping method and the size of the car. On average, it costs about $1,000 to $2,500 to ship a car from China to your country. You can click on the corresponding post below, or contact Basenton Logistics to get a quote.

Work after transport by ro-ro ship

What work needs to be done after the car is transported by ro-ro ship from China to the destination country?

  • Unloading arrangements: After the ship arrives at the destination port, unloading arrangements should be made in advance to ensure that vehicles can drive out of the cabin quickly and orderly.
  • Cargo acceptance: Conduct a comprehensive inspection of the unloaded car to ensure that it has not been damaged during transportation. If there is any damage, please negotiate with the shipping company in time to resolve it.
  • Transportation summary and feedback: Summarize the entire transportation process, analyze existing problems and deficiencies, and propose improvement measures. At the same time, we collect customer feedback and continuously optimize transportation services.

In short, as China’s automobile market continues to expand and international trade becomes more frequent, the demand for ro-ro shipping will continue to grow. In the future, ro-ro shipping will pay more attention to intelligence, greenness and efficiency to adapt to the new needs and challenges of the automotive logistics market. As an efficient and convenient automobile logistics method, ro-ro shipping plays an important role in the development of China’s automobile industry.

Through the guidance of this guide, I believe that the majority of automobile manufacturers, logistics companies and shipping companies can better utilize the advantages of ro-ro shipping, improve logistics efficiency, reduce costs, and achieve win-win development.

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