One of the difficult measures in the import process is to search for the appropriate port to ship your goods, as this requires you to agree with the supplier on a nearby and low-congestion port that is easy to deal with, especially at peak times in holidays and seasons, in order to ship goods through it.
You would probably be more fortunate if you wanted to adopt China as a country to import your goods, as it has 34 major ports and more than 2,000 secondary ports, and most of China’s major cities are also ports, or easily accessible by a nearby port.
To clarify the picture more and help you choose the closest and most suitable port, here are the top 10 Chinese ports that can be adopted in the shipping process:
It is the largest port in the world in terms of cargo passage, and the port is located on the mouth of the Yangtze River, with an area of about 3,619 square kilometers, and is owned by the Shanghai International Port Group (SIPG).
The port consists of 125 berths, with a total berth length of 18 kilometers, and serves more than 2,000 ship containers per month, accounting for a quarter of China’s total foreign trade.
Container productivity at the Shanghai port was about 47 million TEUs in 2021.
The port is a key outlet for processing the following:
- Mineral ore.
- Petroleum and petroleum products.
- Machinery and equipment.
Ningbo-Zhoushan Port, located 250 kilometers south of Shanghai, is one of China’s main shipping ports.
The port currently has 309 producing berths, including 60 deep-water berths with a capacity of 10,000 or more TWT. It also has a crude oil terminal with a capacity of 250,000 dead tons and a crude loading and unloading station with 200,000 dead weight (dwt).
In the latest tally of container freight through Ningbo-Zhoushan Port, which was from January 1 to January 3, the average daily container transport was more than 97,000 containers, an increase of 108.5% over the same period last year.
The port is mainly engaged in loading, unloading, storage and transportation of imported iron ores, domestic and foreign trade containers, crude oil, oils, liquid chemical products, coal and other goods.
Shenzhen Port (Shenzhen)
Shenzhen Port (Shenzhen) ranks third among the world’s largest container ports in terms of “TEU” (20-foot container equivalent unit) – a unit of measurement in the shipping industry, used to determine cargo capacity on cargo ships, and choose the type of container to calculate port activity.
The port is located south of the Pearl River Delta in China’s Guangdong Province. It is the collective name of many ports along the Shenzhen coast, which stretches 260 km of coastline and has an annual transshipment capacity of about 194.9 million tons.
The port is home to about 40 shipping companies, which have launched about 130 international container lines, and is a corridor for 230 international container shipping routes.
It is the main seaport of Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, China, and is the fifth largest container port in the world.
Guangzhou Port consists of 45 berths, 133 buoys and 2,359 berths, each in a 1,000-ton category. Nansha Port (Guangzhou Port’s deep-water port) contributes more than 70% of the total cargo volume at China’s Guangzhou Port.
Guangzhou Port deals with a range of activities, including loading, unloading, storage and container shipping services, and the port is engaged in the shipment of many agricultural, industrial and processed products, which contain oil, coal, grains, chemical fertilizers, steel, crude and automobiles.
Port of Hong Kong
Located on the Kowloon Peninsula off the South China Sea, Hong Kong Port is one of the busiest and most efficient international container ports in the world, handling around 18 million TEUs in 2020.
The port handles 89% of Hong Kong’s total freight transport, offers 400 container services per week to more than 500 destinations around the world, and is home to around 795 vessels from 14 government departments.
The Port of Hong Kong has 9 container terminals with a total area of 24 berths with a 7,694-metre deep-water façade, and a total handling capacity of more than 19 million TEUs.
Qingdao Port is one of the ten busiest ports in the world, and the port is located on the Yellow Sea near the city of Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.
Qingdao Port handles a range of general, bulk and project-specific cargo, with the main cargoes handled including iron ore, coal, crude oil and grains.
It is the largest port in northern China, covering more than 120 square kilometers of the earth’s surface, with 151 production berths and 31.9 kilometers of pier beaches, and the port is the main maritime entrance to Beijing, located about 160 kilometers southeast of Beijing.
The port enjoys trade relations with around 500 ports in more than 180 countries and regions around the world, with more than 500 scheduled vessels linked to major ports internationally every month.
The port handles agricultural products, automobiles and crude oil, and has seen natural gas imports increase 1.7 times year-on-year, to 2.37 billion Chinese yuan.
Located on the Liadong Peninsula in Liaoning Province, the port is the ninth largest in the world.
The port’s infrastructure included 160 kilometers of specialized railway lines, 300,000 square meters of warehouses, 1.8 million square meters of stacking yards, and more than 1,000 units of various types of loading and unloading machinery and equipment.
The port clears approximately 70% of the province’s goods, 90% of transport containers, features about 80 berths and is connected to about 99 shipping lines worldwide.
It is a natural deep-water port on the coast of Rizhao City, located on the southern shore of the Shandong Peninsula, and has 46 deep-water berths in two major port areas, the Lanzhao Port Area, and the Shijiu Port Area.
The port covers an area of 1,034 hectares, a water area of 300 square kilometers, and berths of 4,000 meters, and the port is divided into 3 main areas, namely coal stations and the eastern and western loading and unloading section. The port mainly handles coal, iron ores, containers, grains, liquid chemicals and petroleum products.
Located on the island of Xiamen, the port is ranked fifth among the top 10 container ports in the world, one of the main line ports in the Asia-Pacific region, and is the fourth port in China to have the capacity to handle sixth-generation container ships.
In 2019, the port provided 74 berths, one of which handled vessels of more than 100,000 tons, 23 berths handled 10,000 tons or more, while in 2018 the port handled about 10.7 tons.
Millions of TEUs of cargo.
The port’s main shipments include iron, cement, chemical fertilizers, grains, granite, containers and general cargo. The port is currently targeting the expansion of a huge berth for container and LNG cargo.
All of the above is not the tip of the iceberg of ports in China and the goods you deal with, so your options are open, so be sure to choose the optimal, closest and most flexible port in the process of shipping goods.