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Commonly used air freight terms

Basenton commonly used air freight transport terms

ATA/ATD (Actual Time of Arrival / Actual Time of Departure)
Abbreviation for actual arrival/departure time.

Air Waybill (AWB) (Air Waybill)
A document issued by the shipper or in the name of the shipper is a proof of cargo transportation between the shipper and the carrier.

Unaccompanied baggage (Baggage, Unaccompanied)
Baggage that is not carried on the person but is checked in, and baggage that is checked in.

Bonded Warehouse
In this kind of warehouse, the goods can be stored without a deadline without paying import duties.

Bulk Cargo
Bulk cargo that has not been loaded on the pallet and loaded into the container.

CAO (Cargo for Freighter Only)
The abbreviation for “cargo aircraft only”, which means that it can only be carried by cargo aircraft.

Shipping Fee (Charges Collect)
List the fees charged to the consignee on the air waybill.

Charges Prepaid
List the fees paid by the shipper on the air waybill.

Chargeable Weight
Used to calculate the weight of air freight. The chargeable weight can be the volumetric weight, or when the goods are loaded in the vehicle, the total weight of the load is subtracted from the weight of the vehicle.

CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freightage)
Refers to “cost, insurance and freight”, that is, C&F plus the seller’s purchase of insurance for loss and damage to the goods. The seller must sign a contract with the insurer and pay the premium.

Consignee (Consignee)
The person whose name is listed on the air waybill and who receives the goods delivered by the carrier.

Consignment
The carrier receives one or more pieces of cargo from the shipper at a certain time and place and carries it to a certain destination with a single air waybill.

Consignor
Equivalent to the shipper.

Consolidated Consignment
A batch of goods composed of goods consigned by two or more shippers, and each shipper has signed an air freight contract with a consolidating agent.

Consolidator
A person or organization that gathers goods into a collection of goods.

COSAC (Community Systems for Air Cargo)
Abbreviation for “Gaozhi” computer system. It is the information and central logistics management computer system of Hong Kong Air Cargo Terminal Co., Ltd.

Customs
The government agency responsible for collecting import and export duties, suppressing smuggling and narcotics transactions and abuse (known as Hong Kong Customs in Hong Kong)

Customs Code (Customs Code)
The code added by the Hong Kong Customs (C&ED) for a batch of goods to indicate the result of customs clearance or what kind of customs clearance action is required by the operator/consignee of the cargo station.

Customs Clearance
Customs procedures that must be completed for the transportation or pickup of goods at the place of origin, transit and destination.

Dangerous Goods
Dangerous goods refer to items or substances that may pose a major threat to health, safety or property when transported by air.

Declared Value for Carriage
The value of the goods declared by the shipper to the carrier is to determine the freight or to set the carrier’s liability for loss, damage or delay.

Declared Value for Customs
Applicable to the value of goods declared to the customs for the purpose of verifying the amount of tariffs.

Advance payment (Disbursements)
The fee paid by the carrier to the agent or other carriers, and then collected by the final carrier from the consignee. These fees are usually charged to pay the freight and miscellaneous fees paid by the agent or other carriers for the transportation of the goods.

EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transportation) is the abbreviation of “Management, Commerce, and Transportation Electronic Data Interchange.” EDIFACT is an international standard for message syntax for electronic data exchange.

Embargo (Embargo)
Refers to the carrier’s refusal to carry any goods, any type or grade of goods on any route or part of the route or accept transit to and from any region or place within a certain period of time.

ETA/ETD (Estimated Time of Arrival / Estimated Time of Departure)
Abbreviation for estimated time of arrival/departure.

Export License
A government license document that permits the holder (shipper) to export designated commodities to a specific destination.

FIATA (Federation Internationale des Associations de Transitaires et Assimilées) FIATA Licensee-Licensed to issue FIATA documents in Hong Kong [FIATA Bill of Lading (FBL) as a Shipper and Forwarding Agent’s Certificate of Receipt (FCR)] [FIATA Bill of Lading (FBL) “as Carrier” & Forwarders Certificate of Receipt (FCR)] member. Protected by freight forwarder liability insurance (minimum liability limit: US$250,000).

FOB (Free on Board)
Under the condition of “delivery on board”, the goods are shipped by the seller at the port of shipment specified in the sales contract. The risk of cargo loss or damage is transferred to the buyer when the cargo passes the ship’s rail (that is, after it leaves the dock and is placed on the ship), and the loading and unloading fee is paid by the seller.

FOB Airport (FOB Airport)
This term is similar to the general FOB term. After the seller delivers the goods to the air carrier at the departure airport, the risk of loss is transferred from the seller to the buyer.

Forwarder
An agent or company that provides services (such as receiving, transferring, or delivering) to guarantee and assist in the transportation of goods.

Gross Weight
The total weight of the shipment, including the weight of the container and packaging materials.

HAFFA (Hong Kong Air Freight Forwarding Association)
The abbreviation of Hong Kong Freight Industry Association Limited (HAFFA), founded in 1966, is a non-profit organization that promotes, protects and develops Hong Kong’s cargo transportation industry.

Freight forwarder air waybill (ie: freight house waybill) (HAWB) (House Air Waybill)
This document includes a single piece of cargo in the assembled cargo, which is issued by the consolidator of the mixed cargo, and includes instructions to the dismantling agent.

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