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How to Transport Dangerous Goods by Sea in LCL

Sea freight has two methods of container transportation, FCL and LCL.

Less Than Container Load (LCL) means that the carrier (or agent) accepts small-ticket freight consigned by the cargo owner and then sorts it according to the nature of the cargo and the destination. Concentrate goods destined for the same destination into a certain quantity and put them into boxes.

This situation is used when the consignor’s consignment quantity is insufficient to fill the entire container. The classification, sorting, concentration, packing (unpacking), and delivery of LCL cargo are all carried out at the carrier’s terminal container freight station or inland container transfer station.

learn more:

What’s FCL And LCL Transportation From China To The US

The Meaning Of LCL VS FCL Shipping, The Differences And How To Choose

The Cost Of International Shipping LCL And FCL

What does LCL and FCL mean?

3 ways of packing operations for LCL

One is to pack ordinary goods and ordinary goods into boxes for LCL transportation.
One is to pack ordinary goods and dangerous goods into boxes for LCL transportation.
One is to pack all dangerous goods for LCL transportation.

What are the categories of dangerous goods in shipping?

In shipping, the LCL categories of dangerous goods include 1.4G fireworks and firecrackers in Category 1, Category 2, Category 3, Category 4, Category 5.1, Category 6.1, Category 8, and Category 9. However, not all of these categories can be consolidated at will.

First of all, for different categories of dangerous goods, such as Category 2, Category 3, Category 4.1, Category 6.1, Category 8 and Category 9, they can be mixed together to assemble a container. However, since the packing and unpacking of Class 2 dangerous goods requires high qualifications for dangerous goods warehouses and the cost is relatively high, there are few examples of Class 2 dangerous goods consolidation. In the market, the common types of LCL are mainly Category 3, Category 4.1, Category 6.1, Category 8 and Category 9, which are mixed into one container.

① Category 2 is divided into Category 2.1 flammable gas, Category 2.2 non-flammable and non-toxic gas, and Category 2.3 toxic gas; because it is a gas, it is installed in different pressure vessels. Its main characteristics are explosive and toxic gases, which have extremely high environmental requirements. Gao, the shipping company has very strict restrictions and prohibition requirements.

②Category 3 is a flammable liquid, and its danger mainly depends on the flash point. The lower the flash point, the more dangerous it is. Shipping companies will refuse to book space for liquids with a flash point lower than -18°C during high temperatures in summer. (Common product names: glue, paint, curing agent, thinner, etc.).

③Category 4.1 is a flammable solid. Its main characteristics are that it is easy to oxidize and decompose or sublimate when heated. It will usually cause strong and continuous combustion when exposed to an open flame. Contact with oxidants and acid products will cause violent combustion. Many flammable solids are toxic or corrosive and require segregation from other cargo. Therefore, some 4.1 categories cannot be consolidated. You need to check the UN number for details.

④ Category 5 dangerous goods are usually oxides, which are highly oxidizing, easy to cause combustion, and have extremely high environmental requirements. Shipping companies basically do not support LCL exports, and can only export whole containers.

⑤Category 6, Category 6.1 dangerous goods are divided into low toxicity, poisoning, highly toxic and highly toxic. Highly toxic products cannot be combined into cabinets. It is mainly judged based on the CAS and Chinese product name of the product. 6.2 Infectious items contain pathogenic microorganisms, substances that can cause illness or even death, and basically cannot be shipped. Most of the items in category 6.1 can be consolidated, and the details are subject to confirmation by the shipping company.

⑥Category 8 belongs to corrosive dangerous goods. Pay attention to acid-base isolation and cannot be placed together with Category 4.

⑦Category 9 is basically miscellaneous, common (lithium batteries, dry ice, asbestos, etc.), the details will depend on the shipping company’s review.

According to the classification regulations of the Port Supervision Bureau according to the level of dangerous goods, some dangerous goods must be shipped directly to the ship. Common categories 2, 3, some categories 4, 5, and some 6 require direct loading from the ship. Pretend.

What are the special requirements for dangerous goods in shipping LCL?

Packaging requirements: Ensure that the packaging of goods complies with relevant international and domestic laws, regulations and standards. For example, shipping of dangerous goods needs to comply with the regulations of the International Maritime Organization and the customs requirements of relevant countries, and mark the corresponding dangerous goods signs and warnings. This is Helps remind staff and relevant personnel such as customs to handle dangerous goods correctly. Use appropriate pallets such as fumigation-free pallets, fumigation pallets, plastic pallets, etc. Labels use GHS labels, etc.

Shipping company/terminal regulations: Different shipping companies and ports may have different regulations and restrictions on dangerous goods LCL, so you need to understand it clearly when making transportation plans.

Documents: Dangerous Goods Transport Declaration, Cargo Safety Data Sheet, Dangerous Goods Transport Certificate, Dangerous Package Certificate, etc.

Destination port requirements: Destination port regulations also need to be considered, as some goods may have special requirements or restrictions at ports in specific countries or regions.

What are the categories of dangerous goods in shipping

Other notes: Dangerous goods must be booked in advance

  1. Dangerous goods approval is manually approved by the shipping company, and the verification efficiency is relatively slow.
  2. Dangerous goods need to be declared at risk, and the declaration time is earlier than the port opening. Basically, the declaration is made 4-5 working days before the ship leaves. The declaration deadline requires a box number, so the box must be picked up in advance. The operation cycle is much longer than that of general cargo. (Sometimes because the booking is late, the shipping company is slow to approve the space for dangerous goods, and if the deadline for declaration is tight, you have to specify the container number to declare).

Not only chemicals are dangerous goods. For example, cotton, as a common commodity in our daily life, is not dangerous when used. However, in the closed environment of ocean transportation, it expands due to high temperature and is prone to explosion in a limited space. This causes certain transportation problems. Risks are often determined to be dangerous goods when the shipping company picks up the cargo.

How to ship goods by LCL from China to your country

If you want to ship goods from China to your country. When choosing a transportation company, you can consider factors such as its transportation experience, service quality, and price. Basenton Logistics provides a series of services such as door-to-door pickup, packaging, customs clearance, transportation, and door-to-door delivery to reduce your burden.

For shipping from China to your country, it is best to find a China freight forwarding company to serve you, Below is the shipping information about shipping from China to different countries. If you are interested, you can click on the link to read:

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