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Turkey Import and Export Overview

The Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), as a country spanning the Eurasian continent, presents diversity in terms of religious beliefs and national habits. However, due to historical reasons, Turkey’s economy is not the most developed in Eurasia.

Shipping from China to Turkey

Turkey overview

Currency: Turkish Lira
Country code: TUR
Official language: Turkish
International calling code: +90
Time difference: Turkey is 6 hours behind China

Payment methods for trading with Turkish merchants

The biggest worry in trade is not being able to get the money back, and payment methods are particularly important in foreign exchange collection.

However, due to the high interest rates on domestic deposits in Turkey, when doing business with Turkish merchants, they will ask for credit (or release of accounts), which means giving them an account period or pressing a batch of payment.

They generally like to issue you bad checks. If you get such a bad check, if the Turkish businessman does not pay when the check expires, you can directly file a lawsuit with the bad check endorsed by the bank. Don’t be lenient.

There are also cases where personal property is used as collateral and a money order is issued, but do not agree to this method of operation. It is best not to accept such personal mortgage money orders as the risk is too great.

The safest payment method is of course the sight letter of credit. The letter of credit is the safest payment method in international trade, and the sight credit is the safest payment method in the letter of credit. Therefore, in international trade operations, sight credit is the safest payment method in international trade. Letters of credit are often used.
The so-called sight letter of credit is a letter of credit for payment at sight, which means that the payment can be collected against the sight documentary draft or documents. Because the risk of sight letter of credit is relatively small, it is also the preferred operating mode of banks. However, the risk of usance letter of credit is relatively high for banks, so it is also more difficult for banks to issue usance letters of credit.

When trading with Turkish merchants, even if you give up a small price, you must seek a sight letter of credit as a method of payment.

Turkey’s customs policy

If the inbound goods are kept at the customs for more than 4 months, the customs can treat the goods as unowned goods and have the right to auction them. So no matter what problems occur locally, we must pay attention to this time point. If we don’t recognize it, we may lose everything.

According to Turkish customs regulations, after the goods arrive at the port, if there is a problem and the goods need to be pulled back or transshipped, there must be a formal “notice of refusal” issued by the consignee. Without this notice, the goods are not allowed to be pulled back. Or transshipped.

If the goods are auctioned by the customs for various reasons, the original importer is the first to have the right to purchase, that is, the first purchaser. (Please note that many unscrupulous companies in Turkey have seized on this provision and used various means to delay the time, leading to the final customs auction, and these unscrupulous traders bought it at a very low price)

Customs clearance deadlines stipulated by Turkish Customs:

  • (1) For seaborne goods, within 45 days from the date of submission of customs declaration;
  • (2) For goods passing through other means of transportation, within 20 days from the date of submission of the customs declaration form. In addition, if necessary, the General Administration of Customs may shorten or extend the above period, generally up to 30 days.

Issues regarding certification of contracts and customs declarations

According to the regulations of the Turkish government, in order to reduce tax evasion and tax evasion by importers such as low-value customs declarations and misdeclared goods, the government has an unspoken rule (internal regulations): For imported goods from Far Eastern countries (including China), import customs declarations are required for sales. The contract and export declaration form are authenticated by the Turkish Embassy and Consulate in China. Especially if there is a certification contract requirement in the letter of credit terms, certification must be obtained. It is best for the export company to be certified by the Turkish embassy and consulate in China and complete relevant procedures to facilitate smooth settlement of foreign exchange by exporters and smooth customs clearance by importers. Otherwise it will be very troublesome if something goes wrong behind the scenes.

Turkey’s main ports

  • Istanbul: Turkey’s largest seaport, the port is about 20km from the airport. There are regular flights to all over the world every day, and the routes mainly take the eastern Mediterranean route.
  • Izmir: Located on the southeast coast of Izmir Bay on the western coast of Turkey, on the east side of the Aegean Sea, it is the largest port in western Turkey. Its routes mainly take the northern coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Mersin: On the northeast side of the Mediterranean Sea, it is the largest port in southern Turkey and the capital of Ichel Province. The port area is about 75km from the airport. There are regular domestic flights, and the routes mainly take the east route.
  • Samsun: the largest port on Türkiye’s Black Sea coast, with routes mainly along the eastern route

Turkey’s main airports

  • Istanbul Ataturk Intl Airport: Located in Istanbul, Turkey, it ranks first in Turkey in terms of total passenger volume and ranks among the top 20 airports in the world. It is 24 kilometers away from the city center.
  • Ankara Esenboga International Airport: Located in Ankara, the capital of Turkey, it ranks second in Turkey in terms of total passenger volume and is about 23 kilometers away from the center of Ankara.
  • Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport: Located in Izmir, Turkey’s third largest city, it ranks third in Turkey in terms of total passenger traffic

Major holidays in Turkey

January 1: New Year’s Day
April 23: National Sovereignty and Children’s Day
May 19: Youth and Sports Day
July 15: Day of Democracy and National Unity
August 30: Victory Day
October 29: Republic Day

Turkey imports and exports goods from China

Shipping from China to Turkey

Turkey’s top ten export commodities

Cars (Turkey is the 16th largest car exporter in the world, mainly sold to France, Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom and Spain. Car brands produced in Turkey include Toyota, Honda, Opel, Hyundai and Mercedes-Benz.)
② Machinery (this includes boilers, mechanical equipment and various mechanical parts)
③ Steel
④ Motor
⑤ Knitted and knitted goods (Turkey is the third largest exporter of knitted or crocheted fabrics in the world, second only to China and South Korea)
⑥ Gemstones and precious metals (gold, silver, squares, pearls, platinum, other non-diamond gemstones)
⑦ Plastic
Clothing
⑨ Fruits and nuts (raisins, figs, apricots, pine nuts and pistachios)
⑩ Fossil fuels and petroleum

Turkey’s main exports to China

  • Textiles and raw materials
  • Transportation Equipment
  • Electronics

Note: The above data are only Turkey’s top three exports to China.

Turkey’s main imports from China

Note: The above data are only the top three commodities imported by Turkey from China.

Turkish import and export customs clearance documents from China

  • Bill of lading
  • Packing list
  • Bill
  • Certificate of origin: The type of certificate of origin is CO or Form A, which is processed according to customer requirements.

Things to note when exporting from Turkey

Firearms, hazardous materials and other products, which can only be imported by authorized agencies or require approval from the relevant Turkish government agencies
Imports of food and agricultural products require import licenses and phytosanitary certificates
Plants, seeds, live animals and animal products require special health certificates
Import of Precious Metals or Stones Precious metals (for example, gold and platinum) can only be imported by members of the Precious Metals Exchange operated by Borsa Istanbul.

Container shipping price from China to Turkey

These are the average prices to ship a container from China Turkey with the cheapest rates for loading and shipping containers from the major ports in China to Turkey for 20ft and 40ft containers (FCL) with all types of cargo such as: commercial cargo, vehicles, or personal effects for international shipments from China to Turkey.

Container shipping price from China to Turkey
Container shipping service from China to TurkeyType of containerOcean freight rates from China to Turkey:
How much does it cost to ship a container from Shanghai China to Turkey.20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3350 20FT
average price from: $4850 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Shenzhen China to Turkey.20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3050 20FT
average price from: $4750 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Ningbo-Zhoushan China to Turkey.20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3050 20FT
average price from: $4750 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Hong Kong China to Turkey.20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3050 20FT
average price from: $4750 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Guangzhou China to Turkey.20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3250 20FT
average price from: $4750 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Qingdao China to Turkey20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3350 20FT
average price from: $4750 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Tianjin China to Turkey20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3050 20FT
average price from: $4250 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Dalian China to Turkey20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3550 20FT
average price from: $4950 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Xiamen China to Turkey20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3250 20FT
average price from: $4850 40FT
How much does it cost to ship a container from Yingkou China to Turkey20 foot container FCL
40 foot container FCL
average price from: $3250 20FT
average price from: $4750 40FT
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