⭐CARRIER:CMA CGM (CHINA) SHIPPING CO., LTD
Zanzibar is a part of the United Republic of Tanzania, located on the Xiangani Peninsula in the central western coast of Zanzibar Island. It was once the economic and trade center of the Zanzibar Empire. The capital city of Zanzibar, located on the west bank of Zanzibar Island, is the administrative, economic, and transportation center of the Republic of Zanzibar. Zanzibar is an important lighterage port in East Africa, with 1 domestic airport and 1 international airport, and 8 airlines and 12 shipping companies providing shipping and ocean services. The transit trade is thriving, making it the world’s largest port for exporting cloves and clove oil.
Zanzibar Port is located on the west bank of Wenguja Island. The maximum allowable draft for ships entering the port is 9.14 meters. The load density of water is 1025. The tidal range is 3.05 meters. Prevailing Northeast and Southwest Monsoons. Forced pilotage. Radio VHF channel 16 is used for communication between ships and ports. Port holidays and incoming ships require documentation to refer to Dar es Salaam Port. Working hours: Monday to Friday, 8:00-17:30. There is an excellent anchorage with a depth of 7-12 meters outside the port. The port is well protected. The reef can block the monsoon, and the 183-meter-long breakwater can protect the port during northerly winds. There are no ship repair, dry dock, towing, sewage discharge, and repatriation facilities, and there are small boats that can provide fresh water, food supply, and medical services, without fuel supply. Our port can provide excellent anchorage for various ships under any climatic conditions. The depth of water entering the port from the south is 11 meters, and entering the port from the north is 12.8 meters. Most cargo loading and unloading is done by barge. The northern terminal is 244 meters long and can accommodate ships with a draft of 5.49 meters, but it is generally only used for berthing coastal commercial ships. There are 5 cranes with a maximum lifting capacity of 3 tons.
Agricultural resources are abundant. The arable land area is 130000 hectares, accounting for 49.2% of the total land area; Forests and forest land cover 36172 hectares, accounting for 13.7% of the total land area. However, due to the long-term colonial rule, Zanzibar’s rich agricultural resources have not been properly developed. Instead, a single economic system focusing on the planting of cloves and other cash crop has been formed, and agricultural and fishery production is very backward. The food crops in Zanzibar are mainly corn and sorghum. Cloves remain one of Zanzibar’s main export commodities and sources of foreign exchange.
There are abundant marine resources, a wide variety of fish in the sea area, and a variety of shellfish, sea cucumber and other aquatic animal. However, its fishery is still in the primitive fishing stage, with individual fishermen using traditional canoes and simple fishing gear, and the fishing range is limited to shallow and nearshore waters, with very limited catch. Zanzibar has a vast sea area with the potential to develop mariculture, but only a small amount of seaweed is cultivated and exported to Europe.
The development of infrastructure and manufacturing in Zanzibar is lagging behind. The manufacturing industry mainly produces consumer goods, with a relatively small scale. Zanzibar is in short supply of electricity, with no hydroelectric power stations. Wenguja and Benba each have one diesel power station. In 1979, submarine cables were laid between the mainland and Wengujia Island, which solved about 70% of the island’s electricity demand. However, due to years of disrepair and aging equipment, the power supply to Zanzibar Island was relatively tight.
The economy is mainly agricultural, rich in cloves and coconuts, known as the Clove Island. There are 4.5 million clove trees, accounting for over 70% of the world’s supply, most of which are produced on the island of Pemba. There are over 5 million coconut trees, most of which are concentrated on the island of Zanzibar. In addition, it also produces rice, cassava, sugarcane, fruits, etc. The industry mainly focuses on clove oil extraction and coconut processing.