The Organization and Operation Form of Basenton Logistics International Multimodal Transport
1. Organizational form
(1) Sea and land combined transport
The combined transportation of rail and sea. The earliest water-rail combined transport system refers to the fact that there is no bridge between rivers and oceans that can provide railroad crossing, and then at the water transport wharf, the railway wagon is driven into the cabin, and the ship crosses the river and the sea. Sea-rail combined transportation is now commonly used to transport containers in the Far East by American railroads in double-deck container vehicles from the West Coast to Chicago, New York and other places.
Combined transportation by road and sea. Fishy-back, also known as fishy-back, refers to directly loading the container on the truck trailer and driving it into the cabin through the springboard set up on the shore. The container and the trailer are left on the ship together and carried together until they reach the destination and dock. , And then the container is directly towed out by the trailer, so it is called RO/RO (Roll on/Roll off).
(2) Land bridge transportation. It refers to a continuous mode of transportation in which special container trains or trucks are used, and the transcontinental railway or highway is used as an intermediate “bridge” to connect the container shipping routes at both ends of the mainland with special trains or trucks.
(3) Sea-air combined transportation. Also known as Air-bridge. Goods transported by air bridge are usually exchanged into air containers at the airport and then transported to the destination.
(4) The combined transportation of air transportation and road transportation. Also known as bird back transportation, it is a transportation organization in which trucks are driven directly into the cabin and the plane leaves the cabin when the aircraft arrives at the port for unloading.
2. Mode of operation
(1) Independent operation of enterprises. That is, the enterprise has its own subsidiaries or offices at the two ends of each line and at each transfer point in the middle of the station or branch, which acts as a plenipotentiary representative to handle the solicitation of goods, hand over the goods, conclude the transportation contract agreement, and handle the related services. A series of affairs required in transportation and connection such as business.
(2) Joint operation between the two enterprises. The enterprise is jointly operated by two or several similar enterprises located at the two ends of the intermodal transport route. The two parties in the joint operation are partners and carry out business activities in their respective countries. After the goods are collected, they are divided according to the flow direction of the goods and the transportation section. Work to be undertaken by both parties.
(3) Agency method. Entrust foreign (internal) multimodal transport agents in the same industry at the two ends of the route and at each junction in the middle to handle or arrange the sub-tasks and delivery of goods during the entire transportation, issue or collect multimodal transport documents, and prepare relevant documents, Handling and exchanging information, collecting and disbursing expenses and handling freight accidents or disputes, etc.