Basenton logistics international cargo transportation method
International maritime cargo transportation
(1) Basic elements of maritime transportation
1. Ship. It is the main tool of maritime transportation, which is mainly divided into three categories: cargo ships, passenger ships, and passenger and cargo ships.
2. Airline. Refers to the road on which ships sail at sea.
3. Port. It refers to a transportation hub with water and land combined transportation equipment and conditions for the safe entry and exit of ships and berthing. It is a collection and distribution center for industrial and agricultural products and foreign trade import and export materials.
(2) Characteristics of maritime transport
1. Sea transportation has a large volume and low cost, which is very suitable for the transportation of bulk cargo.
2. The water channel extends in all directions, the navigability is not restricted, and the investment is small.
3. Maritime transportation is the main method of developing international trade and the main means of transportation for foreign economic development and friendly exchanges.
4. Compared with other modes of transportation, maritime transportation is slower and is greatly affected by natural climate and conditions.
5. The risk is greater.
(3) Types of international maritime cargo transportation
1. Liner shipping: Features:
It has the characteristics of “four fixed”, that is, fixed routes, fixed ports, fixed schedules and relatively fixed rates;
The liner freight includes loading and unloading costs, that is, the carrier is responsible for the loading and unloading of the goods, and the demurrage and dispatch costs are not counted by both parties.
The carrier is responsible for the cargo from the time when the cargo is loaded on the ship to when the cargo is unloaded from the ship;
The rights, obligations and exemptions of the carrier parties are based on the bill of lading issued and are subject to a unified international convention.
2. Chartered transportation
Regular charter boats. Also known as a time charter, it refers to a form of chartering in which the shipowner provides the charterer with an agreed ship with crewed by the shipowner, and the charterer uses it for the agreed purpose within the agreed period and pays the rent.
Scheduled charter. Also known as voyage charter or voyage charter, it is a chartering method based on voyage. It is the most common and complex chartering method in shipping practice.
Bareboat charter. Also known as hull charter and net time charter, it means that the shipowner provides the charterer with a ship without crew, which is occupied, used and operated by the charterer within the agreed period, and the charterer pays rent to the charterer. A form of chartering.