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What are the advantages of international air transport

The newest, but also the least utilized mode of transportation is air cargo. Its main advantage lies in the speed of transportation of consignments. It only takes a few hours to transport cargo from coast to coast by air, and several days if it is transported by other means of transportation. What inhibits the air cargo route is the high cost. However, this high cost can be exchanged for high speed, and therefore

Other elements in logistics design can be reduced or eliminated, such as warehousing or inventory. Air cargo is still a potential opportunity, not a reality; although the number of miles available for air cargo is almost unlimited, it accounts for less than 1% of the total number of ton-miles between cities. arrive. In addition, the air cargo capacity is limited by the lifting capacity Quantity constraints) and aircraft availability constraints. Traditionally, most inter-city air cargo uses scheduled passenger flights. Although this approach is economical, it reduces cargo capacity and flexibility. Moreover, the high cost of jet aircraft and the unpredictable nature of cargo demand restrict the use of special planes for all-cargo operations. However, air carriers that provide premium transportation services such as Federal Express are able to focus exclusively on global cargo operations. Although the transportation object of this premium service was originally documents, it has now been expanded to include Big package. For example, United Parcel and Federal Express have both expanded their air cargo services to provide overnight delivery services from a centralized distribution center located in their aviation network. For manufacturers with a large number of high-value products and time-sensitive service needs, this is undoubtedly an ideal service.

Compared with railways, waterways and pipelines, the fixed cost of air freight is lower. In fact, in terms of fixed low cost, air cargo ranks second only to roads, air routes and airports are usually developed and maintained by public funds, while terminal stations are generally maintained by the local public. The fixed cost of air cargo is related to the purchase of aircraft, as well as the special handling systems and cargo containers required. On the other hand, the variable cost of air cargo is extremely high due to fuel consumption, maintenance, and labor-intensive composition of flight personnel and ground personnel.Because air flight requires open space, apart from roads, airports are generally not combined with other modes of transportation.

However, if air cargo is combined with other modes of transportation and the development of “all-cargo” airports to reduce conflicts with passenger transportation operations, greater benefits will be obtained. For example, the Alliance Airport (Alliance Airport) on the outskirts of Dallas is designed to bundle industry, major transportation methods, and government together to facilitate production operations, international trade, and delivery from a single location.

Air cargo has no specific commodities. Perhaps the biggest difference between it and other modes of transportation is that most air cargo is handled in emergency situations rather than on a daily basis. When it proves that high costs are cost-effective, manufacturers usually use regular or irregular air services to transport goods. High-value or extremely perishable products are most likely to become products that are normally shipped by air; and: when a product’s marketing period is extremely limited, such as Christmas products, high fashion or fresh fish, air transportation may be The only most practical transportation method for logistics operations; daily logistics products such as parts or consumer goods may also become candidates for air cargo.

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