Summary about Containers
Classification by purpose of use
1 ordinary container
Ordinary containers, also known as dry containers, are mainly used to ship general goods, and are usually used to ship stationery, daily necessities, medicine, textiles, handicrafts, chemical products, Wujinjiaodian, electronic machinery, instruments and machine parts, etc. . Such containers account for 70 to 80% of the total number of containers. In addition to frozen goods, live animals, and plants, dry cargo containers can be used for goods that are suitable for container transportation in terms of size and weight.
2 refrigerated containers
Reefer containers are divided into two types: external and internal. The temperature can be adjusted between -60℃ ~ +30℃. The built-in container can start the freezer at will during transportation to keep the container at the specified temperature; while the external-mounted container must rely on the freezer equipped on the special container vehicle, ship, special yard, and station for refrigeration. This box is suitable for transporting items such as butter, chocolate, frozen fish, condensed milk, margarine and more in summer.
3 open top containers
Open top container, also known as open top container, open top container (open top container), this kind of container has no box top, but has a canopy made of canvas, plastic cloth or plastic coated cloth supported by a foldable top beam. The crane loads and unloads the goods from the top of the container. The top of the open-top container can be opened or the container has no fixed top surface. The top of the container is covered with a tarpaulin during shipment. The watertight requirements are the same as those of the dry container. It is suitable for loading heavy goods such as glass plates, steel products, machinery, etc.
4 frame container
The flat rack container has no top and sides, and is characterized by loading and unloading from the side of the container. With overweight cargo as the main object, it is also convenient to load livestock, and naked cargo such as steel can be exempted from outer packaging. It can also facilitate the hoisting of large, ultra-wide and ultra-high cargoes.
5 Livestock Containers
Livestock containers (pen containers) are boxes with wire mesh sides for good ventilation and easy feeding. It is a special container specially made for the shipment of live animals such as cattle and horses.
6 Tank Containers
Tank container is also called liquid container. It is a special container made for the transportation of food, medicine, chemicals and other liquid goods. Its structure is to fix a liquid tank in a metal frame. The International Standard Tank is a stainless steel pressure vessel mounted in a tight outer frame. The inner liner of the tank is mostly made of 316 stainless steel. Most tanks have steam or electric heating, inert gas protection, pressure relief and other optional equipment required for fluid transportation and handling.
7 Platform Containers
The platform container (platform container) is similar in shape to a railway flat car, and is a container with a high load-carrying floor and no superstructure. It is suitable for overweight and long cargo, with a length of more than 6 meters, a width of more than 4 meters, a height of about 4.5 meters, and a weight of up to 40 metric tons. And two platform containers can be linked together to hold 80 metric tons of cargo. It is extremely convenient to use this kind of box to transport cars.
8 ventilated containers
The ventilated container has 4-6 ventilation holes on the wall, and the inner wall is coated with a plastic layer, which is suitable for loading fresh vegetables and fruits and other goods that are afraid of heat and stuffiness.
9 insulated containers
The insulated container has an insulating layer in the box, and the top of the box has an air inlet and outlet that can adjust the angle. The outside air and wind direction can be used to adjust the temperature inside the box. It is suitable for shipping goods that are sensitive to temperature and humidity.
10 Bulk Containers
Bulk containers generally have 2 to 3 small hatches at the top for loading. There is a lifting frame at the bottom, which can be raised to a 40° inclination angle for unloading. This box is suitable for bulk cargo such as grain and cement. For plant quarantine, it can also be steamed and washed in the box.
11 Bulk powder container
A freeflowing bulk material container is basically the same as a bulk container, except that a nozzle and straw are used for loading and unloading.
12 hanging containers
A dress hanger container is a container suitable for the shipment of clothing commodities. With the development of international trade, the commodity structure is constantly changing, and various types of special or multi-purpose containers will appear in the future.