According to the quantity and method of container cargo packing, it can be divided into two types: full container and cargo consolidation services.
International container cargo packing and handover method
(1) FCL (FullContainerLoad, FCL). It refers to the container that is checked in by the container after the cargo has filled the whole container by itself. This situation is usually used when the owner has enough cargo to load one or several full boxes. Except for some large cargo owners who have their own containers, they usually rent certain containers from the carrier or container leasing company. After the empty container is transported to the factory or warehouse, under the supervision of the customs officers, the cargo owner puts the cargo into the box, locks it, seals it to the carrier and obtains the receipt of the station. Finally, the receipt is exchanged for the bill of lading or the waybill.
(2) LCL (LessThanContainerLoad, LCL). It means that the carrier (or agent) accepts the small amount of the consignment of the consignor, and then sorts the goods according to the nature and destination of the goods. Concentrate the goods that go to the same destination into a certain number of boxes. Since the goods of different cargo owners in one box are assembled together, they are called LCL. This situation is used when the number of consignees is insufficient to fill the full container. The sorting, sorting, concentration, packing (unboxing) and delivery of LCL goods are carried out at the carrier’s terminal container freight station or inland container transfer station.