Knowledge points of Basenton logistics about transshipment ports
“Transshipment port” is sometimes called “transit port” or “transshipment port”. It refers to the cargo moving from the port of departure to the port of destination and passing through the third port in the itinerary. The port where the reloading means of transport continues to be transported to the destination is the transit port. There are both shipping companies for one-time transfers and shippers who change orders for tax exemption reasons.
1. Formation of Transit Port
International transit ports are gradually derived from the entire shipping trade pattern, and serve ocean transportation and surrounding areas with transshipment cargo. The main influencing factors of its formation are the economic hinterland, the geographical location of the port, the water depth and facility conditions, the degree of freedom of the port, and the cost and efficiency of port operations. The decisive factor is the geographical location of the economic hinterland and ports, which together with the flow direction of international economic trade (represented by shipping routes) constitute a “point, line and surface” shipping geography. In addition, the soft environment such as customs, import and export inspection, information transmission and government services are also important factors for the development of transit ports.
2. Port of discharge/place of delivery = port of transit/port of destination?
If it only refers to the sea, the port of discharge really refers to the port of transit, and the place of delivery refers to the port of destination. When booking a space, you generally only need to indicate the place of delivery, and whether or not to transit or which transit port is to be determined by the shipping company.
In the case of multimodal transport, the port of discharge refers to the port of destination, and the place of delivery refers to the destination. Since different ports of unloading will produce different transshipment freight, the port of unloading must be indicated when booking.
3. Regarding transshipment clauses-
In the process of international cargo transportation, due to geographical or political and economic reasons, cargo needs to be transshipped at certain ports or other locations. When booking, you need to limit the transit port. But ultimately depends on whether the shipping company accepts transit here.
If accepted, the provisions of the transshipment port are clear, usually adding a note after the destination port, usually through “VIA (via, through)” or “W/T (with transshipment at…, in…transshipment)” connection. Such as the following terms:
Transit Port Port of Loading: Shanghai Port
Port of Destination: London UK W/T Hong Kong
In our actual operation, we cannot directly treat the transshipment port as the destination port, so as to avoid transportation errors and unnecessary losses. Because the transit port is only a temporary port for the transfer of goods, not the destination of the final goods.