There are five physical steps and two documentation steps in the movement of goods from shipper to consignee, which must be carried out for every shipment. Each step has an associated cost that must be addressed by someone (usually the shipper or consignee) If you want to avoid cost accidents and unnecessary delays in your supply chain, make sure you are Agree on who pays for each of these seven steps.
1. Export transportation
The first part of shipping is export shipping. This involves the movement of goods from the shipper to the forwarder’s premises. For less than container loads, the freight forwarder’s premises is always the export consolidation center, where the freight forwarder has its own personnel or designated agents. Cargo is usually carried by cargo ship, air, rail or combined international logistics.
2. Export customs clearance
For every shipment that leaves a country, customs formalities are required to meet regulatory requirements. Customs clearance is the transaction of submitting the required documents to the authorities and can only be carried out by companies holding a valid customs license. Export customs clearance can be done by a freight forwarder with a valid license or an agent designated by the freight forwarder. Alternatively, it can be performed by a customs broker directly appointed by the shipper. The export clearance steps must be completed before the goods leave the country of origin.
3. Origin processing
Origin handling covers the physical handling and inspection of all shipments from the origin warehouse receipt to the container ship. Many different parties take many steps under origin processing, but all are coordinated and responsible by the freight forwarder. In short, when a cargo is received, it is inspected, planned to be loaded, combined with other cargo, loaded into a container and moved to a port, and then loaded onto a ship.
The freight forwarder decides to choose a shipping company to ship from the origin to the destination to meet the schedule required for the shipment. The freight forwarder has a container transportation contract with the shipping company, and the shipper or consignee has no direct interaction with the shipping company. Shipping costs are borne by the shipper or consignee.
5. Import customs clearance
Import clearance can usually begin before the goods reach the destination country. As for export clearance, it is the process of making a declaration and submitting it along with the relevant documents so that the authorities can register the goods and collect any duties.
6. Destination processing
As for the country of origin, the goods also need to be loaded and unloaded at the destination before they can be released to the consignee. In a nutshell, destination handling involves the transfer of containers from the ship to shore, from the port to the freight forwarder’s destination warehouse. It also includes unloading the container and preparing the cargo for pickup by the consignee.
7. Import transportation
The goods are then physically delivered to the consignee. It can be performed by the freight forwarder or the local shipping company designated by the consignee. Import shipping usually includes shipping to a specific address, but does not include unloading from a truck, which is the responsibility of the consignee.
Basenton freight forward has a lot of rich experience, whether it is sea or air! We will help you solve all problems and deliver your goods safely to your hands!