7 factors for choosing ports in exporting and importing countries
Reducing costs when importing is central to the success of your business, and shipping is one of the things you can affect its cost, from the method of shipping to the choice of port. The more accurate your choice of ports approved in the import process, the more you will be able to control the details of this process in terms of cost, time, speed in the arrival of goods and customs procedures.
Of course, like any decision you want to make, there are specific factors that you must follow when determining the port of the country of destination or origin, and this is what we address in the following lines…
First: Port Location
When choosing the port of origin and destination, importers and suppliers usually rely on the nearest ports, which are often low cost due to the proximity of the distance and therefore the low cost of transportation.
But sometimes you may have to rely on a remote but less crowded port, even if it is cost-effective, so that it can receive and send your goods directly, especially in the case of precious or urgent goods such as seasonal goods.
In both cases, make sure that when choosing a port of origin or destination, it contains warehouses, warehouses, and services to move your cargo as quickly as possible.
Learn also about the most important Chinese ports and the most important Saudi Arabia ports.
Second: Availability of equipment and infrastructure
Port infrastructure affects the speed of receipt and delivery of your cargo, for example, the waterways and large water depths in the port may allow the passage of large vessels, and accommodate a larger number of ships as well.
Look for ports that are looking to permanently invest in their infrastructure, such as those with clear plans to reduce ground congestion and expand port capacity.
Currently, ports need to expand and modernize infrastructure continuously, and carry out construction operations to deepen and expand port waters, due to the increase in the volume of ships and the development of trade by sea, which the infrastructure of many ports can no longer accommodate.
Third: Availability of means of transporting goods
Nearby and large ports are often busier than others, which means more congestion for transportation and truck drivers, especially if there are fewer such means.
In this case, you can resort to a small port far from the factory or warehouse where the goods are located, which may have a greater number of available means of transportation.
Fourth: Customs Regulations and Procedures
Since customs procedures vary from port to port, try to look for the port where customs clearance is easy for the goods you want to import.
For example, if you want to import some household items, we advise you to stay away from some American ports such as Long Beach and Los Angeles, where customs procedures for household items are often complicated and expensive.
Fifth: Port Capacity
The port’s size and capacity affect its capacity of warehouses and warehouses capable of containing large quantities of goods, as well as its absorptive capacities of truck drivers, customs brokers and others, making it easier for you to transport and load goods as soon as possible.
Ports of large sizes and sizes refer to large numbers of transport companies and ships that deal with them to transport containers and goods, which means more services and faster implementation.
Sixth: Introducing technology to the management of operations in the port
Ports that are unable to integrate and adapt technology into their operations will not be able to continue to compete with other ports, because new technologies make ports and ships more productive and autonomous, and contribute to energy savings.
Using technology correctly helps to facilitate the management of operations at the port, improve their efficiency, reduce human errors and logistical costs for cargo owners.
Several ports have begun to introduce technology into their operations, increasing the efficiency of ports and terminals, and increasing the ability to track shipments more accurately.
Seventh: Climatic conditions
Difficult weather conditions such as natural disasters, hurricanes, blizzards, etc., may affect ports and cause them to close, and your cargo and goods may be exposed to risks and damages, as well as delays in shipping goods due to closures.
Of course, we cannot prevent such disasters or predict when they will start or end, but all you can do is avoid ports in areas prone to such disasters.
Natural phenomena are a major problem facing shipping operations, and the Gulf region and the eastern coasts are often particularly vulnerable.
Now, the process of adopting a specific port to transport your goods is easier, just try to consider the above aspects when agreeing with the supplier about choosing the port of origin and destination.
Prepare for the unexpected by reviewing and studying the above factors in detail, to avoid problems that your shipment may experience in the port, or while using transportation to the port of origin and from the port of destination.
Keep in mind that the above factors can’t protect your supply chain from any weather disruptions or accidents, but they can help you prepare for the challenges you may face.